SILK SCREEN PROCESS
Silkscreen printing begins by segregating a multi-coloured design into several single coloured individual designs. Where each single design will represent a distinct colour.
Each design is then etched onto a production screen that will allow specially formulated ink to pass through onto the garment, paper or canvas.
The ink is etched onto the target, by pulling the ink through the screen with the help of a squeegee.
Each colour will be applied separately on the garment, beginning with the background artwork and ending with the foreground images. Each ink colour will need to dry before the next colour is applied.
SILKSCREEN PRINTING HISTORY
Silkscreen printing started in China during the Han Dynasty around 221 AD where they devised a stenciling process to transfer designs onto fabrics. Later the Japanese would refine this process by using human hair to create the screens that were used as stencils.
During the 17th century the French began to use silk to create the stencils, today modern silk screen artists use a mesh like material in place of the silk screen from the past.
Silk Screen printing became popular in the 20th century with the help from such contemporary artists such as Andy Warhol, Peter Blake and Robert Rauschenberg.
Some people estimate that almost 90% of the custom t shirts designed today are created by silk screen printing.
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